The Importance Of Cognitive Learning

Cognitive learning is a style that helps an individual or student maximize his capacity to acquire an even greater amount of knowledge and skills.

Throughout the years, there has been a vast improvement as far as the educational system and learning styles are concerned. Science and education have been of great help in making great strides in the development of new teaching methods and new and proper techniques in education. This is to maximize the individual’s capacity to learn and acquire knowledge.

Because of this, students of today are more than ever capable of mastering new skills, acquiring greater knowledge, and handle more information compared to students in the past. New technologies also allow most teachers today to use new techniques and teaching methods. The result is a more engaging process in studying and learning on the part of students.

Though traditional styles of teaching and education are still widely available and in use, some educational institutions and schools began to veer away from this and adopt other instructional techniques and manuals. These techniques and manuals are proven to be more effective in learning. Among the idea they adopted is the idea and techniques of cognitive learning.

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What is cognitive learning?

Cognitive learning is a style that helps an individual or student maximize his capacity to acquire an even greater amount of knowledge and skills. This is done by enhancing his/her cognitive abilities that are important in learning. It maximizes the ability of the brain to acquire and process information. It enhances the cognitive abilities of a person, making it more conducive to learning.

Cognitive learning focuses on increasing the ability of a student or individual to understand or acquire certain skills. The increased and enhanced ability of the student makes cognition, learning, and acquiring skills far easier. Things become much easier to understand if those abilities needed for understanding are enhanced and further developed.

Instead of using traditional methods and techniques, cognitive learning focuses on the areas needed to be improved that are responsible for learning. It focuses for instance, on memory and the ability of the brain to retain large amounts of data, information, and knowledge. These things are important to further enhance a student’s ability to learn using traditional methods.


Benefits of cognitive learning

There are several advantages of cognitive learning over other methods, traditional or otherwise. First, cognitive learning, more than teaching a student one knowledge or skill, enhances the ability of a student for learning. It allows the student to have more information, great recollection, and an have excellent memory. These things are important in learning the traditional way.

Since cognitive learning enhances understanding and the capacity to learn, it allows a student to have a better grasp of things that are quite difficult or complex. Since understanding is enhanced greatly in cognitive learning, a student can have the conceptual tool and ability necessary to grasp difficult concepts.

Cognitive learning will allow the students to have the tools necessary for problem-solving. By problem-solving we not only mean mathematical problems but also situational problems students may need to address. Knowledge in problem-solving requires great memory as well as other core competencies.

By enhancing learning abilities and increasing the capacity to learn, students may eventually learn to love education, school, studying, and learning. Through cognitive learning, students will know that learning can be enjoyable and fun. A life devoted then to the pursuit of studies, learning, and knowledge can thus be expected.

Ultimately, what he has learned in cognitive learning can be applied to other aspects of education and life. Whatever endeavors that one pursues in life, one will be able to deal with it, for abilities learned and enhanced through cognitive learning stay with the student. In short, much as it is helpful in education and learning, cognitive learning is also helpful in life.


Important elements of cognitive learning

Among the important elements of cognitive learning are the following:

Understanding and comprehension

Cognitive learning methods, techniques, and strategies emphasize the need to understand and comprehend. Enhancing these abilities will greatly increase a student’s capacity for learning. It is understanding and comprehension that allows one to have a full grasp of concepts, methodologies, and problems. Greatly enhancing these capacities will go a long way in learning and education.

Memory

Enhancing memory will greatly increase the capacity of students to acquire knowledge, information, data, and other things relevant to the pursuit of studies and learning. Cognitive learning methods and strategies allow a student to retain in his mind data without using the traditional methods of memorization usually associated with schools and educational institutions.

What cognitive learning does concerning memory is that it makes understanding and comprehension easier for students. Great comprehension and understanding allow students to retain information and have a memory of it. Cognitive learning enhances the capacity of the brain to retain and hold information in large quantities and for a long time.

Application

Cognitive learning, after enhancing understanding, comprehension, and memory, will allow the students to apply what has he learned, in studies and life. Better understanding allows for a better grasp of things, concepts, problems, and other complexities. Having a better understanding of things, students will do better in applying concepts and ideas, and have better solutions.

Since cognitive learning is about enhancing capacities and other elements for learning, it can be expected that what has been learned through cognitive learning can be applied eventually in all aspects of life. Whether one is in school, studying, or already a businessperson, a career person, or a family person, whatever individuals learned through this will remain for the rest of their lives.

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Examples of cognitive learning

Here are the examples of cognitive learning:

Explicit learning

Explicit learning is the direct and deliberate seeking of new knowledge and skill. It is also the type of learning usually associated with schools and traditional education.

Implicit learning

Knowledge or skills acquired without directly seeking it but rather through repetition or force of habit. Examples of implicit learning are eating manners and typing skills.

Cooperative and collaborative learning

It involves learning to work with a group. Interaction with others, participation in group activities, interdependence, and responsibilities are the things that a student learns in this type of learning.

Discovery learning

This is actively seeking new knowledge, concepts, and solving new problems.

Emotional learning

In emotional learning, the students learn how to control and manage their emotions, and how to have good interpersonal relationships with other people.

Experiential learning

Individuals learn to reflect on their experiences in life, appreciate, and learn some lessons from them. Experiences that are subjected to reflection may vary and may include personal relationships, career and employment, and others.

Meaningful learning

Individuals that learn new knowledge or skill can relate it to their experience and find use and meaning in it. Meaningful learning encompasses other forms of cognitive learning such as emotional, explicit, implicit, and experiential learning.

Non-Associative learning

It is learning through adaptation. One must either adjust or react accordingly to a given situation. Associated with it are the concepts of habituation and sensitization. Habituation is learning to adapt to a particular situation or stimulus, not to react or be bothered by it. Sensitization is the exact opposite: you are trained to react accordingly to a particular situation.

Observation learning

It involves observing other people who are knowledgeable or have a particular skill in a particular situation or environment. The idea is to learn from these people who have knowledge and skill. It also involves being attentive to a particular environment or situation to be able to act accordingly.

Receptive learning

An individual learns to accept and be instructed by a person who is knowledgeable or skilled. Examples of this are attending seminars and lecture courses. In this type of learning, the individual listens to the speaker, whether a teacher or a resource person.

To conclude, cognitive learning is of great help in acquiring even greater knowledge and new skills. More than this, however, cognitive learning helps students and individuals be better people, more responsive to their environment, and have a greater relationship with others.

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About the author

Jess Man

Jessica is the Editor-in-Chief and Senior Diversity Advisor at Diversity Social. Jessica has over 10 years of working with and advising employers to be more diverse and create an inclusive working environment.
Jessica's experience spans private and non-profit sectors in multiple industries.
Jessica's expertise experience is beyond Diversity & Inclusion, she is also a certified professional IT recruiter in Data & Analytics, Database administration, Artificial Intelligence area.